2018年国家教师教师资格:英语形容词副词(上)

来源:山香教育 时间:2018-11-02 责任编辑:jiameng

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I.形容词

一、形容词的一般用法

1.作定语,一般放在所修饰词的前面。

Its a cold and windy day.

2. 作表语,放在系动词的后面。(look,feel,smell,sound.)

He looks happy today.

3.形容词修饰somethinganythingnothingeverything等复合不定代词时,须放在其后。

Would you like something hot to drink

4.表示长、宽、高、深及年龄的形容词,应放在相应的名词之后。

How long is the riverIts about two hundred metres long.

5. 只能作表语的形容词:afraidaloneasleepawakealivewell健康的;illfrightened

The man is ill.(正)

The ill man is my uncle.(误)

6.只能作定语的形容词:little小的;only唯一的;wooden木质的;woolen羊毛质的;elder

年长的

My elder brother is in Beijing.(正)

My brother is elder. (误)

7.貌似副词的形容词:lonelyfriendlylivelylovely

二、形容词常用句型

1.Its +adj.+of+sb.+不定式”表示“某人(做某事)怎么样”。=Sb +be +adj+to do sth

注意:这一句型中常用描述行为者的性格、品质的形容词,如goodkindnicepolite

clever foolish lazy carefulcarelessright(正确的),wrong。Its very kind of you to help me.=You are very kind to help me.

2.Its+adj.+for+sb.+不定式”表示“做某事对某人来说怎么样”。=To do sth is adj for sb .

注意:这一句型中常用的形容词有importantnecessarydifficulteasyharddangerous

safeusefulpleasantinterestingimpossible等。

Its not easy for them to learn a foreign language.=To learn a foreign language is not easy for them.

3.表示感情或情绪的形容词,如gladpleasedsadthankful等常接不定式。

Im very sad to hear the bad news.

4.表示能力和意志的形容词,如ready(乐意的,有准备的),able(有能力的),sure(一定),certain(一定)等常接不定式。

Lei Feng is always ready to help others.

He is sure to get to school on time.

Ⅱ副词

一、副词的分类

副词按词汇意义可分为:

方式副词:wellfastslowlycarefully quickly

程度副词:verymuchenoughalmostratherquite

地点副词:herethereoutsomewherabroadhome

时间副词:todayearlysoonnowthenrecentlystill

频度副词:alwaysoftenusuallysometimesseldomnever

否定副词:nonotneithernor

疑问副词:wherhowwhy

其他:alsotooonly

二、副词的基本用法:

1).副词是用来修饰形容词、其他副词,一般放在被修饰词之前.

He plays the piano very well .

2). 副词是用来修饰动词,常放在动词之后.

He got up quickly

3).enough 修饰adj /adv ,放在其后

He is old enough to go to school . 


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